Tretinoin vs Retinol – Discover the Right Choice for Your Optimal Skin Health!

Disclaimer: While the information in this blog post is based on credible sources and research, it is not a replacement for personalized medical advice. If you have specific skin concerns or conditions, consult a qualified healthcare professional before making decisions. The content here aims to provide general insights and educational information, not medical diagnosis or treatment.

If you’re on a quest for skincare products that can revolutionize your skin’s health and appearance, you’ve probably encountered the names “tretinoin” and “retinol.” These two vitamin A derivatives have gained fame for their effectiveness in addressing various skin concerns, ranging from acne to wrinkles, hyperpigmentation to fine lines. But, how do they differ, and which one is the ideal choice for achieving optimal skin health? In this thorough exploration, we will delve into a comprehensive comparison of tretinoin and retinol, meticulously analyzing their effectiveness, safety, and accessibility. By delving into their unique attributes, we aim to assist you in making an informed decision tailored to your skin type and objectives.

What are Tretinoin and Retinol?

Tretinoin and retinol both belong to the retinoid family, a group of compounds derived from vitamin A. Vitamin A plays a vital role in a multitude of bodily functions, with a particularly significant impact on skin health. It regulates the growth and differentiation of skin cells, stimulates collagen production, combats inflammation, and shields against oxidative damage.

Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid, is a synthetic retinoid. It stands out as the most potent and active form of vitamin A, directly influencing skin cells. Originally petented in the 1957 and aproved for medical use in1962, tretinoin was later discovered to possess anti-aging and skin-lightening properties as well.

On the other hand, retinol, also referred to as vitamin A alcohol, is a natural retinoid. It functions as a precursor to tretinoin, meaning it needs to undergo enzymatic conversion within the skin before exhibiting any effects. While less potent and active compared to tretinoin, retinol boasts a gentler and more stable profile.

How do Tretinoin and Retinol Differ?

Distinguishing tretinoin and retinol involves evaluating several factors, including effectiveness, safety, and availability.


Both tretinoin and retinol yield positive outcomes for various skin issues, but their strengths vary.

Tretinoin takes the lead in combatting acne, particularly the severe or inflammatory type. It operates by clearing clogged pores, curbing sebum production, halting bacterial growth, and reducing inflammation. Additionally, it contributes to the reduction of acne scars through the facilitation of cell turnover and the synthesis of collagen.

Retinol, on the other hand, shines in its ability to prevent and diminish wrinkles, fine lines, and other signs of aging. This is achieved through stimulation of collagen production, enhancement of skin elasticity, refinement of skin texture, and augmentation of skin hydration. It also plays a role in enhancing skin radiance and addressing pigmentation concerns by impeding the synthesis of melanin.

Both tretinoin and retinol are effective against various other skin concerns like sun damage, roughness, dullness, and sagging. However, the pace and extent of progress can fluctuate based on the unique conditions of an individual’s skin and their corresponding reactions.


While both tretinoin and retinol are safe when used under dermatologist guidance, they come with potential side effects and risks that warrant attention.

Tretinoin poses a higher likelihood of causing irritation, redness, peeling, dryness, burning, itching, or sensitivity compared to retinol. These side effects are generally temporary and can be mitigated by initiating usage with a low concentration (0.025% or 0.05%), applying a minimal amount (pea-sized for the entire face), using it every other night or less frequently (2-3 times weekly), minimizing sun exposure with sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher), regular moisturization with non-comedogenic products, and avoiding harsh or drying products.

While retinol is less prone to causing irritation than tretinoin, it can still result in mild discomfort or sensitivity for some individuals. Similar precautions as tretinoin, such as starting with a low concentration (0.1% or 0.2%), minimal application, controlled frequency of usage (2-3 times weekly), sun protection, and gentle moisturization, can help alleviate these effects.

Both tretinoin and retinol heighten the risk of sunburn and sun damage due to their photosensitizing properties. Hence, consistent sunscreen use and limited sun exposure are crucial during their application. Additionally, there is a possibility of interactions with specific medications or supplements, underscoring the importance of consulting a medical professional.

Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals should steer clear of these substances, as they could lead to birth defects or harm the baby.


Accessibility and affordability also differentiate tretinoin from retinol.

Tretinoin requires a prescription and supervision from a Dermatologist. Tretinoin is generally more costly than retinol. The price of tretinoin may differ based on factors such as strength, formulation, and brand. A generic tretinoin cream or gel is typically priced from $25 to $80 per 15g tube, or $50 to $200 per 45g tube. Prescription tretinoin can be more expensive, costing up to $400 per 45g tube.

On the contrary, retinol is available without a prescription as an over-the-counter product and is typically less expensive than tretinoin. A 1% retinol cream or serum can cost around $15 to $30 per 30ml bottle. Higher concentrations of retinol, such as 2.5% or 5%, can be more expensive, costing up to $50 per 30ml bottle.

Which One is the Right Choice for Your Optimal Skin Health?

The right choice between tretinoin and retinol hinges on several factors: skin type, skin goals, budget, and personal preference. While there’s no universal answer, these guidelines can provide direction:

  • Acne-prone or Oily Skin: Tretinoin is favored for clearing breakouts and preventing new ones.
  • Dry or Sensitive Skin: Retinol is preferred for hydration and soothing properties.
  • Normal or Combination Skin: Both options could be suitable based on specific concerns.
  • Mature or Aging Skin: Tretinoin and retinol offer complementary benefits.
  • Budget Conscious or Convenience Seekers: Retinol is a more accessible choice.
  • Value Effectiveness: Opt for tretinoin for enhanced potency.

Remember, while both tretinoin and retinol offer avenues for enhancing skin health and appearance, their unique advantages must be considered. Consultation with a dermatologist can illuminate the most fitting choice based on your individual needs.


In the pursuit of vibrant skin health, the tretinoin vs. retinol debate offers a wealth of insights. Each option brings its own set of attributes, catering to different skin concerns and preferences. The journey towards a radiant complexion involves more than just selecting the right product; it demands consistency, adherence to proper usage, and protective measures against sun damage. The consultation of a dermatologist, armed with knowledge and expertise, can be your guiding light as you navigate this transformative path toward beautiful, healthy skin.


Looking for Fungal Acne Treatment at Home? Check This Out

If you’re looking for fungal acne treatment at home, it can be discouraging to see all the options available in the stores and online. Some acne remedies can be harmful, and others have been known to cause rashes and skin irritations.

Fortunately, there are some safe and effective fungal acne treatments you can use in your home to clear up your skin without any negative side effects.

With these tips, you’ll be able to treat fungal acne quickly and effectively so that you can get back to your normal routine with clear, healthy skin. But first, you have to know what it really is. Keep reading

What is fungal acne?

Fungal acne is a type of skin infection that causes pimples to form on the face, neck and upper body.

The infection is caused by a fungus called pityrosporum (or malassezia) that’s naturally found on your skin.

The infection causes inflammation, which results in red pimples that may be filled with pus. The pimples can be painful and sometimes itchy or bothersome.

They may also cause scarring if they’re not treated promptly.

How to identify fungal acne?

Fungal acne can look similar to other types of acne, but it’s much more common in people who have weakened immune systems.

Also, If you keep those few symptoms in mind mentioned below, you can easily identify whether your acne is fungal or not.

  • Fungal acne usually causes small, red bumps, most of which are less than 3 millimeters in size.
  • These bumps are itchy and pus-filled
  • Fungal acne appears on the face, chest, neck, back, and arms.
  • Often appears in clusters of small whiteheads or red bumps.
  • Make hair follicles irritated.
  • Fungal acne can affect people of any age, but most commonly occurs in teens and young adults.
  • Fungal acne is more likely to occur in people who have oily skin or who live in warm climates where sweating is common.
  • People with diabetes may also be more prone to fungal acne because they tend to have drier skin than others.

At home treatment options for fungal acne

1. Anti-dandruff shampoo for fungal acne treatment

Many dermatologists recommend an anti-dandruff shampoo for fungal acne on the back and chest.

Dermatologists have found that the anti-fungal properties in some anti-dandruff shampoos are great at treating fungal acne on the back and chest.

It’s important to remember that if you use an anti-dandruff shampoo to treat fungal acne, you should not leave it on for longer than 10 minutes. If you do, it can irritate your skin and make the situation worse.

You should also avoid using it more than 2-3 times a week to make sure that your skin doesn’t get used to it and stop being affected by it.

It’s also a good idea to use a separate body wash to keep your skin healthy with the anti-dandruff shampoo.

Keep in mind that most anti-dandruff shampoos are designed to be left on the skin for a longer period of time than the skin on your back and chest needs to be treated, so you should only leave it on for a short amount of time.

2. Sulphur-based products to treat fungal acne

Sulphur is an ingredient that has been used for centuries to treat skin conditions, including fungal infections.

The University of Maryland Medical Center says that it works by killing the fungus that causes acne and removing excess oils from your skin.

Sulphur can be found in many over-the-counter acne medications, including creams, gels and ointments.

These topical treatments work by drying out the skin and reducing inflammation to clear up breakouts faster than they would otherwise.

You can use sulfur-based cleanser to treat fungal acne. Apply the cleanser directly to your skin, leave it for 5 minutes and then rinse off using warm water. You should repeat this process daily until the infection clears up. Sulphur-based products can make your skin a little dry so be sure to use a moisturizer. Sulphur-based products can make your skin a little dry so be sure to use a moisturizer that is fungal acne safe.

3. Salicylic acid-based products for fungal acne treatment

Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid that works as an acne treatment by dissolving dead skin cells, which helps your skin shed more quickly.

Salicylic acid also has anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful in treating both comedonal and inflammatory acne.

 You can use Salicylic acid as a cleanser to treat fungal acne.

To use salicylic acid as a cleanser, look for products with 5 percent to 10 percent salicylic acid concentrations — anything higher than 10 percent is likely too strong and may irritate your skin.

Alternatively, you could opt for a liquid exfoliant that contains BHA derived from sugarcane or sugar beets instead of salicylic acid. You can also use salicylic acid based serum to treat fungal acne.

4. Azelaic acid for fungal acne treatment

Azelaic acid is a natural chemical that comes from grains, and it has antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties.

It is available in topical creams and can be used to treat acne caused by bacteria, as well as mild cases of fungal acne.

Azelaic acid works by reducing inflammation and killing bacteria. It also helps to exfoliate the skin, which helps prevent clogged pores and breakouts.

The cream is applied directly to the affected area once or twice daily for two to six weeks.

Home remedies for fungal acne

These days, most people are trying to cut down on the use of medication. The best thing about natural remedies for fungal infections is that they are completely free of dangerous side effects and quite effective in keeping the fungal infections under control.
Here are some of the most common remedies.

1. Fungal acne treatment at home with the help of neem leaves


Neem leaves are used in the treatment of many skin problems. They can be applied directly on the affected area to get rid of the problem.

Neem leaves have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties which help in treating acne effectively.

Take some fresh neem leaves and wash them thoroughly with water.

Crush the leaves with your hands or grind them into a fine paste with a mortar and pestle. Alternatively, you can also add some water and make a smooth paste out of it by using an electric blender.

Apply this paste on your affected areas and leave it for about 15 minutes before washing off with cold water.

2. You can use tea tree oil to treat your fungal acne at home


Tea tree oil is an excellent oil to treat fungus. It’s a natural substance that is known to kill fungus and bacteria.

You can use tea tree oil in a variety of ways, including adding it to a foot soak, using it as a face wash or applying it directly to the area you want to treat.

Tea tree oil can be used for skin tags and warts, but it is important to note that it will take a bit longer before results are seen.

There are several ways you can use tea tree oil for acne treatment.

Method 1. Dilute a few drops of tea tree oil into half a cup of water, then apply the mixture onto your face using cotton balls or a clean washcloth. Leave it on until it dries completely before washing off with warm water. You should do this twice daily until your skin clears up completely.

Method 2. Mix 1 drop of tea tree oil with 1 tsp of jojoba or fractionated coconut oil. Apply this mixture directly to your face and leave it on for 20 minutes before washing it off with warm water. Repeat this process 2-3 times per week.

3. You can use Turmeric to treat fungal acne


Turmeric is a spice commonly used in Indian cooking. It has been used in traditional medicine for many years, and it is now being studied by modern science.

Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer properties. It can be used as a natural treatment for many health problems such as Acne, Dandruff, Infections (bacterial, viral).

Mix turmeric with water and apply it directly to the affected area at night before you go to bed for about one week. The mixture will help clear up your skin within two weeks of use.

You can do this every other day until you start seeing results or every day if needed until the infection clears up completely.

4. You can use oregano oil for fungal acne treatment


Oregano oil contains carvacrol, which has antifungal properties. You can use oregano oil to treat fungal acne when you apply it directly to the affected area of your skin.

To use oregano oil as an acne treatment wash your face with warm water and soap. Pat dry with a clean towel. Apply 2-3 drops of oregano oil to each pimple before bedtime or whenever you have time to let it soak in for 10-15 minutes.

Then wash off with warm water (do not rinse). You can also apply a thin layer of moisturizer over the top afterward if desired.

5. Use garlic for fungal acne treatment


Garlic is a powerful antimicrobial agent. It’s also one of the natural antifungal agents that can help fight fungal acne.

Garlic contains allicin, which helps prevent bacteria from growing inside your pores and causing inflammation.

The antioxidants in garlic will also combat free radicals to keep your skin looking young and healthy.

The best way to use garlic is in its pure form – fresh or dried.

You can cut a clove in half and rub it directly on your face (make sure you don’t eat it!). Or you can make a paste by mixing 1 crushed clove of garlic with about 1 tablespoon of water before applying it directly onto your skin.

6. You can use lemongrass oil for fungal acne treatment


Lemongrass oil is a natural antifungal agent. It is known for its antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties.

These properties make it an ideal choice for treating fungal acne and other skin conditions, especially when mixed with other essential oils.

Lemongrass oil should be applied directly on the skin or mixed with other carrier oils like almond oil or jojoba oil, and then applied on the affected areas.

It must be used externally only and not internally as it may cause side effects when consumed orally.

7. Use grapefruit seed extract for fungal acne treatment

Grapefruit seed extract has antibacterial and antifungal properties. It can help your skin fight off bacteria and fungus that may be contributing to your breakouts.

To treat a breakout with grapefruit seed extract, cleanse your face as you normally would, then use a cotton ball to apply a small amount of grapefruit seed extract directly to pimples on your face, allowing it to sit for about 20 minutes before washing it off with water.

You can also make a full-strength facial toner by mixing 1/2 teaspoon of grapefruit seed extract in 2 cups (475 mL) of water.

Use once or twice daily after cleansing. Be sure not to overdo it, though; too much concentrated acid can be irritating on sensitive skin so dilute accordingly.

8. Use aloevera to treat fungal acne

Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties, making it an effective natural remedy for fungal acne.

To reduce redness and swelling, apply aloe vera directly to problem areas several times a day. Aloe vera gel will also help heal broken capillaries that often accompany fungal pimples.

If you experience discomfort or burning from aloe vera, try mixing it with coconut oil, according to Vitamin Retailer, coconut oil reduces any inflammatory effects of aloe.

9. Use apple cider vinegar for fungal acne treatment


Apple cider vinegar has been shown to be a powerful antioxidant that fights free radicals. In addition, it balances pH levels and is antimicrobial and antifungal in nature.

While you may have heard of using apple cider vinegar on its own, you might want to consider adding it into your routine with these simple steps:

  1. Mix equal parts water and apple cider vinegar together in a bowl or cup.
  2. Use cotton balls or pads to apply onto affected areas.
  3. Leave on for 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse off with warm water.

Repeat daily As with any product, it’s important to test a small area first before applying directly onto your face just to make sure you don’t have any allergic reactions.


Maintaining proper hygiene and taking a good, strong probiotic are the best ways to make sure you don’t get any fungal infections. If you’ve ever suffered from fungal acne, you know how embarrassing it can be. But there are some easy ways to treat it at home, including the remedies listed above. If these home remedies do not improve your skin, you should talk to a dermatologist. They can help prevent acne and take care of your skin. Please share this article with anyone who has acne and doesn’t know what to do about it.

FAQs about fungal acne treatment

1. Should you pop fungal acne?

No, you shouldn’t attempt to pop it. Popping any kind of pimple can lead to serious consequences. Fungal acne needs to be treated instead of popping.

2. How long does it take for a fungal skin infection to clear up?

It depends on which type of fungal infection you have, but in most cases, it’s going to take several weeks. If fungal skin infection caused by tinea versicolor, it could take between one and three months to go away completely.

3. Can honey treat fungal acne?

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Honey contains antimicrobial properties that can help treat fungal acne. Antimicrobial properties in honey can fight off bacteria that cause acne breakouts. This means that honey can be used as a home remedy to treat acne. In fact, many honey face masks are used to treat acne. The masks are not only effective, but also make the skin feel smooth, soft and reduce visible acne scars.
Yes, honey has properties that kill some of the strains of fungus that contribute to skin breakouts.

4. Can lemon cure fungal infection?

Lemon juice is often used as a natural ingredient to fight fungal infections. It’s been shown to have antiseptic and antifungal abilities that help it fight against the fungus.

5. Can we apply ice on fungal infections?

There is some debate over whether or not ice can be effective in treating a fungal infection. Some people believe that the cold temperatures can help to kill off the fungus, while others believe that it can actually make the infection worse. There is no definitive answer, and it may be worth trying ice to see if it helps in your particular case. If you do decide to try using ice, be sure to wrap it in a cloth or paper towel to avoid damaging your skin.


Fungal Acne Vs Closed Comedones: Differences And Proper Treatment

Whenever you look at yourself in the mirror, you may think that the little lumps or bumps on your skin are normal pimples, but do you know what kind of acne they are? Why are they occurring, and how are they going to be reduced? Although all acne looks the same, but there are a lot of differences between causes and types. First, you need to find out the difference between fungal acne vs closed comedones.

But before that, you must know, what kind of acne you actually have. Acnes on your skin may be fungal acne or closed comedones. And there are a lot of different kinds of acne as well.

Thus, you should have no confusion about acne in your skin and after knowing the information about it, then you should get the proper treatment. We tried to provide accurate information on fungal acne and closed comedones in the article.

What is fungal acne?

Fungal acne is also referred to as pityrosporum folliculitis. You may be surprised to know that fungal acne is not acne. It is one of many kinds of folliculitis. Fungal acne is a skin condition where bacteria accumulate in the hair follicles on the skin.

Fungal acne or pityrosporum folliculitis, also known as malassezia folliculitis. Yeast, bacteria and other fungi are part of our skin. And this yeast, bacteria are responsible for fungal acne. 

What are closed comedones and comedonal acne?

Before you know about closed comedones, you must first know what comedones are.

Comedones are certain types of small bumps, usually occur on the forehead and cheeks. A lesion or bump is called comedo.

Now that you know about fungal acne, Now you need to know about closed comedones. And then find out the difference between fungal acne vs closed comedones.

Comedones are mainly of two types, open comedones (blackheads), and closed comedones (whiteheads).

When oil or sebum accumulates on the surface under the skin, it clogs the pores and creates small bumps, they are called closed comedones. Oils or dirt do not come into contact with air, Follicles remain blocked.

The differences between the symptoms of fungal acne and comedonal acne.

There is a big difference between the symptoms of fungal acne and comedonal acne, since both are acne, many people consider them as typical acne. But many times you can understand what kind of your acne is by looking at its symptoms.

Symptoms of fungal acne

There are a lot of people who confuse their acne with what type of acne they have, and often for that confusion they have misdiagnosed their acne. And due to this wrong treatment, fungal acne gets worse.

So as of now, if you keep these few symptoms in mind, you can easily identify whether your acne is fungal or not

  • The fungal acne are pus filled bumps.
  • These acnes tend to be pretty much the same size.
  • It makes the effected area red.
  • It causes swelling of the surrounding skin.
  • Fungal acne occurs on chest, neck, back and arms.
  • This acne also occurs on the face.
  • Often appears in clusters of small whiteheads of red bumps.
  • Make hair follicles irritated.
  • This often causes itchiness.
  • Fungal acne does not respond to any medication.

symptoms of closed comedones or comedonal acne

Since closed comedones or comedones do not look like typical pimples, or are not inflamed, So a lot of people with closed comedones don’t consider their acne as closed comedones, Because they are not pus-filled, nor do they tend to swell. Instead, they develop in smaller size and non-inflamed closed or open bumps.

  • Closed comedones don’t have uniform look to them.
  • They are quite close the color of your skin tone
  • Non itchy.
  • Most of them look like whiteheads.
  • Closed comedons are not filled with pus.
  • Clogs or plugs exist under your skin and not coming through.
  • Mostly occurs on the jaw line, chin, and forehead and also can develop on neck, shoulder, chest or back.
  • It may have mild symptoms at first as you may have noticed a few odd bumps. It could be severe, sometimes and over a large area of your skin.

There is a difference between the causes of fungal acne and comedonal acne

Fungal acne is a small red bump that usually occurs on the forehead, cheeks, and sometimes on the chest and back. on the other hand, comedonal acne results in blackheads and whiteheads. If the comedonal acne is severe, it can turn into inflammatory acne.

(Learn more about why you have acne and what kind of acne you have)

Causes of fungal acne

Fungal acne may occur anytime during the year. However, for most people, fungal acne is more frequent during the summer.

Fungal acne occurs when yeast or malassezia grows in the hair follicles and leads to breakouts, itching and irritation on the surface of the skin. Have you ever wondered why in the hair follicles fungus grow and provoke fungal acne?    There are a lot of factors behind that, but our lifestyle is responsible for that as well.

Causes of fungal acne or pityrosporum folliculitis can include :-

  • People whose skin is greasy most of the time are more likely to have fungal infection.
  • Always wear tight clothes.
  • Fungal acne can cause if sweaty exercise clothes are worn for too long and sweaty exercise gears are not washed and reworn.
  • Wearing restrictive cloths.
  • Sweating inside clothes and not washing well during bathing can increase the risk of fungal acne.
  • Excessive sweating and that sweat dries  out in the body can also trigger fungal acne.
  • Overuse of antibiotics.
  • Because the fungus is contagious, it can spread to your body in close contact with those affected.
  • Heavy workouts and sweating a lot while we exercise and people living in hot and humid climates are more prone to have fungal acne. Because yeast, which present in our body, thrives on sweat.
  • Overuse of sun cream, makeup and moisturizers, and these block the hair follicles on the skin.

These skin conditions are also more prevalent in adolescents, as the production of sebum or natural oil increases during puberty.

Causes of closed comedones or comedonal acne

Closed comedones fall into the non-inflamed acne category. To be honest, open and closed comedones are the least severe forms of acne, making them easier to treat and less invasive than many other acne.

As I mentioned, that closed comedones are the plug of hair follicles by skin cells and oils. This can occur naturally.

  • Certain products triggers the tendency to have closed comedones. The use of heavy creams or products or make-up that contain a large amount of oil, they block plugs and cause skin problems.
  • Isopropyl myrilate and propylene glycol are present in specific and many skin care products, that can fill your pores.
  • Excessive consumption of dairy products, fat and sugary foods can trigger comedones acne. Dairy and fat can increase oil production on the skin and cause inflammation.
  • Stress makes a significant impact on our physical body. Stress regulates oils in our body and leads to block pores.
  •  Over hydration of your skin can lead to these problems. Especially peelings or laser therapy may lead to this acne issue sometimes.
  • If you smoke you more likely to develop closed comedones.
  • During puberty, the natural sebum production of the skin increases, and this extra oil can get caught under the cells and causes closed comedones.
  •  If closed comedones build up along your hairline, you should check your hair products.
  • Living in a humid place increase sweating and greasy skin and this leads to a blockage of pores and occurs new closed comedones.

Is there any difference between the treatment of fungal acne and comedonal acne?

There are also differences in treatment such as symptoms and causes of fungal acne and comedonal acne, and that’s normal since these two are different types of acne.

Prescription-strength medicine is required for comedonal acne. Topical OTC treatment for comedonal acne is often ineffective, but topical retinoids and benzoyl peroxide successfully treat it. Meanwhile, anti-fungal medication works great for fungal acne.

The treatment options for fungal acne

If your fungal acne is severe, and you are not going to the doctor for fear that this treatment may be scary. Then let me tell you that there is no reason to be afraid.

 When you go to a dermatologist first, the doctor will ask you some questions for example, since when have you been suffering from this problem. To make sure your acne is fungal or not, they can also take your skin sample for a biopsy test.

  • Also, there are many medications recommended to treat fungal acne.
  • Often doctors prescribe an oral anti fungal medicine. Oral antifungal medicines like fluconazole and itraconazol reduce the infection by targeting the hair follicles.
  • Anti fungal cream, like ketoconazole 2%  butenofine and butenofine and are great for fungal acne. This cream healps to control the yeast on the skin.

The treatments options of closed comedones

If you have closed comedones and you are not treating them, so let me tell you that these closed comedones of yours can be the first stage of inflammation. Because Just a few triggers are enough to transform closed comedones into inflammation. And these triggers can be anything such as increased levels of hormone, increased the production of natural oil, or of sweat emitted may increase.

So the treatment of close comedones should be started in time before it turns into terrible form. Fortunately, you can treat close comedones yourself before seeking any medical help, for example, you can try natural home remedies or over-the-counter remedies for closed comedones.

  • If you do not want to apply various medications on the skin, then tea tree oil is a good option. It work well in various skin treatment. As it helps to reduce inflammation it also helps to reduce various skin infection.
  • Since excess oil production is the main causes of closed comedones, it is important to reduce excess oil to treat it. You can reduce it by applying different face musk such as charcoal or clay musk. These masks absorbe excess oil from the skin and in addition they also remove dead skin cells and dirt.
  • Witch hazel is a familiar product for skin care just like the tea tree oil. It also healps reduce skin inflammation hazel reduce excess oil secretion from the skin.

OTC topical treatment

However, over-the-counter treatment may not be effective if you have chronic closed comedones. OTC topical treatments are done to control excess oil on the skin and to unclog the clogged pores. And you need a prescription-strength topical treatment to reduce these chronic closed comedones. In that case, a high concentration of products is required, such as peroxide and retinoids.

And if you have minor-closed comedones then here are some of the OTC topical options you can try azelaic acid, glycolic acid, benzoyl peroxide. You can apply these directly to your skin. But remember to apply sunscreen whenever you apply OTC topical.

Medical treatment

If your closed comedones are not cured by OTC or natural remedies then there is an another option to cure closed comedones that is medical treatment.

Which medicine your doctor prescribes for your closed comedones treatment depends on your skin concern. He may prescribe you oral contraceptives, isotretinoin pill or antibiotics.

If closed comedones does not respond to the above treatments, the dermatologist then may perform surgery. Such surgeries are cryotherapy, electrosurgery or microdermabrasion.

In microdermabrasion, the layer of your skin is removed by crystals. This opens the closed comedones and the germs trapped inside come out easily.

In crystotherapy, comedons are freez with the help of nitrogen So, that they can be easily removed.

Fungal acne vs comedonal acne prevention

No matter which acne it is, fungal or closed comedones. If it is eliminated first, then you will get rid of the problem of those happening in the future. With different OTC treatments, even if you are aware of various aspects of your lifestyle, you can prevent them.

How do you prevent your fungal acne on your own

Fungal acne is often misdiagnosed because it looks like any other common acne. So, the treatment is not effective. And if you do not want to go to the doctor or do the OTC tricks, then you should keep a few things in mind in your daily life. That’s how you can reduce the chances of spreading fungal acne. 

  1. Take a shower as soon as you finish your workout.
  2. Wear loose fitting breathable clothes as much as possible. Wear natural fabrics like cotton.
  3. Maintain your hygiene, and keep the things clean that are used in your daily life.
  4. Stop taking excessive amounts of antibiotics.
  5. Have a healthy meal. Cut down sugary and carbohydrates contained food from your diet. Because yeast thrive on these. Hence, add more vegetables, fruits and proteins to your diet list.
  6. Keep the area where you have fungal acne as dry as possible. Because if the affected area is moist, it more likely to spread the fungus.
  7. Try to avoid tight fitted clothes. Avoid spandex and wash clothes after workouts or sweating.
  8. Do not scratch the affected area. Scratching can worsen the infected area.
  9. Eat yogurt and probiotics. Yoghurt and probiotics contain good bacteria that fight against microbes that cause fungal acne.

How do you prevent closed comedones to happen in the future?

If you start treating closed comedones at the beginning then it will not get worse in the future. You need to pay close attention to your lifestyle, you will be able to get rid of this acne problem a lot.

Firstly, you should start with a good skincare routine and follow it regularly. Here are a couple of tips to get you going:

  1. Thoroughly wash your face well, at least twice a day. When washing the skin, don’t rub at all, wash gently.
  2. Exfoliate the skin regularly, because skipping exfoliation causes the buildup of dead skin cells on the skin and leads to closed comedones, it will also cause other skin problems.
  3. Always clean make-up, sunscreen or dirt and oil on the skin with the pre-cleanser before you start the skin care routine.
  4. Never sleep with make-up on.
  5. Avoid sugary, fatty, and diary foods.
  6. Eat less processed foods as much as possible.
  7. Exercise to maintain proper blood circulation in the body.
  8. Add more anti-oxidant foods to your diet.
  9. Wash your face properly and take a bath after the workout.

When to consult a dermatologist

If you do not get results after treatment of all kinds of home remedies and various OTC for your fungal acne or closed comedones. And there are new breakouts occurring, so that is when you need to go to your dermatologist.

But you have to be patient for any treatment. Remember that it is not magical that all your acne will go away and clear skin overnight. Allow your dermatologist enough time to treat your skin.

Fungal acne vs closed comedones conclusion

Many people think that their acne is a typical pimple and due to this misconception, many people have misdiagnosed their acne, making the acne worse. That does not reduce their acne, on the contrary, it increases further.

And this is why you need to know what kind of breakouts you have, fungal acne or closed comedones then get proper treatment. And once you understand the difference between fungal acne vs closed comedones, you can prevent it from happening in the future.

One more thing to be sure of is that you have a dermatologist who will explain to you the difference between fungal acne vs closed comedones and you will get proper treatment.

What Causes Acne-How To Get Rid of it ?

What Causes Acne-How To Get Rid of it?

Acne, pimples are very common diseases. About 80% to 85% of young men and women are dealing with it. What are the causes of acne and how to get rid of this problem, as a result of always having these thoughts, Many people suffer from frustration and depression for a long period due to the acne problem.

There are plenty of people who are trying various treatments in the hope of getting rid of the acne problem.

But without knowing why acne is occurring, what types of acne are occurring, If you only treat without knowing all this, then you are doing wrong.

First of all, you need to know why you have acne, what type of acne you have, then you need to deal with them accordingly. If you do not treat acne properly, at the right time, then it will be worse than good for your skin.

First, find out what is acne?

Acne is a commonly occurring skin condition that occurs when the hair follicles clog with oil and dead skin cells.

There are oil glands just beneath our skin. From these oil glands, continuously secrete oil. This oil protects our skin. And if for any reason these cells near the openings in the oil glands block the openings, then the oils accumulate and build up there, and acne forms.

Have you ever wondered why you are getting acne? There are many people who are just wondering how to get rid of acne. But they rarely think about why acne is occurring, what are the causes of acne?

The following are some common causes of acne. It will help you figure out why you have acne.

Let’s go through the reasons:

Hormonal conditions are a very common cause of acne. When the androgen hormone becomes active, and this hormone is combined with bacteria and fatty acids in oil glands, this causes acne. In women, the androgenic hormone turned into estrogen.

As the levels of androgen hormones increase, the oil glands in the skin secrete more oil and sebum. This excess oil and sebum can break down the walls of our cells in the pores, resulting in the formation of bacteria. And this is how the problem of acne is occurred.

Most commonly, propionibacterium-classified bacteria may cause inflamed acne. Inflamed acne can occur in any area of the skin, where oil glands have but most often form on the neck, back, face and chest.

When bacteria get trapped inside the clogged pores, the amount of bacteria continues to increase, and then these areas of the skin become red and swollen. In sometimes, they are painful. This is one of the causes of acne.

In those whose sebaceous glands work in an overactive manner, their dead skin cells fall off very rapidly. As a result, dead skin cells blend with the secreted sebum and form plugs in the follicles.

Follicle disease is a common skin infection. When you damage your hair follicles, you may get folliculitis.

Possibly, the factors, that you can damage your hair follicles are- shaving, rubbing, or touching the skin constantly, When tight clothes rub against the skin or using a hot tub, or after waxing or plucking.

However, there are many arguments for the link between diet and acne. But the only diet should not be blamed for getting acne, on the other hand, the diet will not be denied at all. A poor diet causes acne.

The fact is that what you eat, and that suits you or not. You need to think about it and then create a diet plan that suits you. Food that suits you may not be suitable for other people.

But there are some food and beverages which trigger breakouts. If some foods seem to you that trigger acne on your skin, then you will inevitably stop consuming them.

Milk, low-glycemic food, high sugar, and high-fat foods have been linked to acne. But there is no evidence that dairy products such as yogurt and cheese can increase acne.

So, you should be careful about your diet and acne and know what foods trigger your acne tendency.

Although there is no such thing as an acne gene. But genetic can have an impact on getting acne.

In some families, it may have a hereditary tendency that their dead skin cells shed more rapidly, which resulting acne. Again in some families, it is hereditary that their sebum is excreted in large quantities, this leads to oily skin, and this oily skin easily traps bacteria in the pores, due to which acne often occurs.

Stress is never directly connected with pimples or acne. But yes, when we stress too much, our body releases some stress hormones such as cortisol and it sends to oil glands and mixes with dead skin cells and leads to increase acne-causing bacteria.

So don’t stress too much, it may not have any direct link to acne. But it might trigger breakouts. And also it can make your existing pimples worse. Somehow stress causes acne.

Certain medicines may cause acne. Especially drugs that contain lithium, steroids, iodides, bromides, androgenic steroids, and DHEA.

If you are taking these medications, and you have the problem of acne, then these medications may be the reason behind your breakouts.

Acne may occur at any age. It is a myth that breakouts only occur in puberty. Adults also experience the problem of acne. However, the acne problem starts and sometimes worsens during puberty.

Many people may have acne in their teenage but they have decreased as the get older. Again, there are a lot of people who didn’t have pimples in their teens, but the pimples started when they were adults.

You may be using expensive cosmetics, but even then you are facing acne problems. These cosmetics may contain such ingredients which are unsuitable for your skin.

Your individual skin can be sensitive to certain ingredients. Your skin can be allergic to certain oils, fragrances, and certain natural components.

Again, there are skincare products that clog the pores. Water-based products work very well for the ones that have acne. So, whenever you buy skincare products, look at its ingredients list.

If your skin is oily, you should avoid greasy products. Oily skin easily clog pores and increase breakouts. Greasy cosmetics help to block the pores and increase bacteria when these blocked pores become irritated, it will swell into a pimple or red bump.

Regularly wearing something and that item creates pressure or friction on the skin. This pressure or friction causes breakouts in some parts of the skin. These can be among the things we wear every day, such as backpacks, headbands, helmets, tight collars, and cell phones.

You might be surprised to see cell phones on this list. You may be wondering how can be a cell phone causes pimples?

Ok, let me tell you why are cell phones on this list.

First of all, if you use cell phones most of the time, to talk, it creates friction in certain areas of your face. And you already know that pimples are the result of this constant friction.

There is another reason since the phone is kept here and there, it very frequently comes in contact with bacteria, and the dirt and grim of the cellphone mix with the oil of the skin and leads to break out.

Smoking is not only bad for your skin, it is bad for your health too. This habit restricts blood flow in your body. It prevents your skin from having the oxygen and nutrients it needs. As a result, the body’s ability to resist any disease is reduced. Any bruise or cut on the body takes longer to heal, even in the case of acne too.

When in women, some hormone level changes, then they experience the problem of acne at that certain time. This adult acne occurs more frequently in women than in men.

Pregnancy:  Many women experience acne during their pregnancy. Pimples occur during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy.

Period:  Some women get pimples during or just before their menstruation. This is because throughout the menstrual cycle hormone fluctuates constantly.

PCOD:  Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOD is a common condition that causes acne. About 30% of women suffer from this PCOD acne problem.

  • When you exfoliate your skin excessively.
  • Using lots of skin care products
  • Your hair products can cause breakouts. Sulfate and silicones based shampoos and conditioners harmful for your skin and hair also.
  • Not getting enough sleep is one of the reasons for getting acne.
  • Poor digestive system
  • If you do not drink enough water every day, you may get acne. Dehydration is also one of the reasons.
  • Lack of zinc, fatty acids and vitamins can lead to nutrient deficiency, which leading to acne.
  • If you are out in the sun too much, it puts you at the risk to get acne.
  • Using dirty makeup brushes and blending sponges and also dirty pillowcase can cause acne.

Common acne’s medical name is acne vulgaris.

Many people think that pimples and acne are two different diseases. Acne is a skin disease and pimples are symptoms of that disease.

When dead skin cells mix with sebum, they clog the follicle. The trapped bacteria cause inflammation and lead to red, swollen pimples in acne

There are different kinds of acne. You can have different kinds of acne at the same time. Different types of acne are treated differently, even their appearance and symptoms from each other are different.

You need to know the types of acne you have and then treat them accordingly. If your pimples are moderate then you can treat them by yourself. And if your acne is severe, we will suggest you to see a dermatologist.

The following article explains the types of acne. It will help you determine the type of acne you have.

(Learn more about the differences between fungal acne and closed comedones and their treatment.)

What Causes Acne-How To Get Rid of it?
Image Source – google | Image by Healthline

Small and black dots are blackhead blemishes. These are open comedones, when sebum and dead skin cells clogged the follicle, it leads to blackheads. The top part of the pore is open and the rest is clogged. The clogged are gradually turning oxidize, for which its color looks black. (Learn more about the best way to get rid of blackheads)

What Causes Acne-How To Get Rid of it?
Image Source – google | Image by Sayantani Chatterjee 

 It also mixes with sebum and dead skin cells and clogs the pores. These are closed comedones and small blemishes with whiteheads. The top of the blackhead is open, but the top of the whitehead is closed.

What Causes Acne-How To Get Rid of it?
Image Source – google | Image by Medical News Today

Pustules have infected pores and are filled with pus. Pustules are usually swollen and red blemishes. The acnes contain yellow or white pus.

Image Source – google | Image by Kalyani Hari 

These acnes are caused by bacteria under the skin’s surface. These are red or pink in color. Papules are hard and clogged pores that are tender to the touch.

Image Source – google | Image by Healthline

When clogged and swollen pores, later become more irritating and large in size, then they are called nodules. It extends much more in-depth into the skin and is very painful.

Image Source – google | Image by Medical News Today

Cysts are large red or white bumps often painful to touch. This acne is a severe infection and occurs when bacteria, dead skin cells, and sebum clogged the pores. These types of acne are also filled with pus.

Acne can usually occur at any age. But acne begins to appear at puberty, between the ages of 10 and 13 years. Puberty acne can last for 5 to 10 years and gradually go away in the early 20s. But those whose skin is oily, their acne problem sometimes gets severe.

Adult acne begins in the late 20s to early 30s. However, acne can be seen most severe, during puberty. And 20% of adults experience acne problems.

 Now you may be wondering how to get rid of acne. Don’t worry about it, you don’t have to spend a lot of time on it. You just have to follow some things on a regular basis.

You should clean your face twice a day. The first step in keeping your skin clean and taking proper care of your skin is to wash your face properly.

If you wash your face well, you can prevent not only acne but also other problems of your skin. But remember one thing, wash your hands well before going to wash your face or touch your face. We have a lot of bacteria in our hands and these bacteria are the cause of acne problems so it is very important to wash your hands before washing your face.

If you think that using simple face wash can prevent your acne problem then you are wrong. You need to choose a facewash that will suit your skin.

Now the question is, how do you know which face wash is suitable for your skin? No worries, we have described here so that you can choose the right face wash or product for your skin.

If your skin is oily, choose a face wash that contains Salicylic acid, Benzoyl peroxide, Glycolic acid.

Extra care is very necessary for sensitive skin. There are two types of sensitive skin. A) Oily sensitive skin B) Dry, sensitive skin

A) Oily sensitive skin- For this type of skin, choose a facewash made with natural ingredients such as Willow bark based facewash, Tea tree oil based face wash, green tea extracts facewash.

B) Dry, sensitive skin – For this type of skin, you should use a product that is SLS FREE and contains hydrating ingredients such as glycerin.(

 When you apply ice cubes on your face, the blood circulation in the skin becomes slow. To control it your body Increases blood flow as a result blood circulation in your skin becomes very fast which gives new life to your skin and makes the skin radiant.

Wrap the ice cube in a thin and clean cloth and apply it on your acne or pimple swollen area at intervals of 30 seconds to 1 minute for 5 minutes. This will reduce the swelling of your acne and pimples.

You all know that if you follow a healthy diet regularly, you will have good health and at the same time, you will have healthy skin. But scientifically the correlation between pimples and diet is very controversial and this has created many misconceptions and myths.

Since hormonal factors are one of the main causes of acne, if a diet affects hormones directly or indirectly, it will also affect pimples.

Dairy products, chocolates, and way protein supplements all increase the level of glucose in the body and affect hormonal activity. All these foods should be excluded from your diet.

Add high-fiber foods and foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids to your diet.

As simple as water is, it plays an important role in the functioning of the various organs of our body and in expelling the various harmful substances produced in the body.

You all need to know the right way to drink water. Just as it is not right to drink less than the amount of water, it is also not right to drink more than the amount of water.

If you do not drink enough water, your body can get various diseases such as skin allergies, pimples, liver problems, etc. So all of you should drink enough water.

If you want healthy skin, then your pillow cover should be cleaned regularly. A dirty pillow cover becomes a suitable habitat for dust, germs, and bacteria. When our skin comes in contact with it, these dust, germs, and bacteria can cause various skin problems and trigger acne.

When the pillow cover should be changed or cleaned? It depends on the person himself. However, according to us, every person should clean their pillow cover once a week.

You must wash your makeup before going to bed at night. If the makeup is not washed properly, your pores will be clogged for a long time, which will increase the chances of your breakout.

I know that the easier it is to talk about stress-free living, the harder it is to implement. When we feel stress, the body releases certain hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol.

This adrenaline hormone increases our heart rate and increases blood flow in our body which can cause problems like blood pressure. The cortisol hormone increases the oil production in your skin glands, which causes clogged pores and acne breakouts.

You can do regular exercise, yoga, to reduce your stress level.

You should never pop your pimples because if you pop the pimples, your skin may get scars and your skin will be permanently damaged. Also, when you pop your pimples, the dust and bacteria in your hands come in contact with your skin and make the pimples more severe.

Your pimple should be allowed to heal on their own. If you want to pop pimples then you should talk to a dermatologist.

Acne is a very common skin problem. Various products and medicines are used to get rid of acne. These products or medicines work in different ways. Some products kill acne-causing bacteria and reduce acne inflammation while some products help to reduce acne by removing excess oil from the skin.

When buying skin care products, be sure that the products contain these ingredients. These ingredients perform well on acne-prone skin.

Now we will discuss what are the best ingredients to get rid of acne and their side effects?

Azelaic acid: Azelaic acid can be used to control acne. This is a very useful ingredient to get rid of post-acne. It is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid that is used in many types of medicine or products.

Benzoyl peroxide: It is a very effective ingredient for treating acne. It kills acne-causing bacteria and helps to fix acne problems by realizing free oxygen radicals. It removes dead skin cells and helps reduce acne by unclogging pores.

Benzoyl peroxide is used in many lotions, gels, cleansers, and spot treatments. But keep in mind that excessive use of this ingredient can cause some side effects. Your skin may become irritated and dry. If your skin is sensitive, it can cause burning or stinging sensation.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid: Acne products usually use two types of alpha-hydroxy acids, which are glycolic acid and lactic acid. These ingredients reduce inflammation by exfoliating the skin and it is used to smoother the skin

This ingredient is used in many moisturizers, peels, and serums.

But keep in mind that this can make your skin photosensitive. So it is very important to take sun protection with this treatment.

Salicylic Acid: It is a kind of hydroxy acid that acts as a very powerful exfoliant. It also has many inflammatory properties and acts as a gentle Exfoliator.

This salicylic acid controls excessive oil production of the skin and stops the excessive shedding of cells. This ingredient is able to remove the dead skin layer

This salicylic acid is very effective in eliminating mild acne problems like blackhead, white head.

Many cosmetic products use salicylic acid such as BBcream, cleansers, etc.

But don’t forget that this can lead to side effects like stinging and skin irritation.

Topical retinol acid: This ingredient is very useful for treating acne. Topical retinol acid protects the skin from new acne forming and stimulates the production of skin cells.

This is a very useful ingredient for those who have mixed acne or inflammatory acne.

Topical retinol acid does not have any serious side effects but it can show side effects such as redness and itching dryness of the skin.

None of us want acne or pimples on our skin. But acne or pimples are a very common skin problem. In this article, we have tried to explain in detail the causes of acne and some tips to cure them. If you still suffer from acne after doing all of these, then you need to go to your dermatologist. They can solve your skin problem.